Patton (1970)


Introduction

Patton is a 1970 American epic biographical war film about U.S. General George S. Patton during World War II.

It stars George C. Scott, Karl Malden, Michael Bates and Karl Michael Vogler.

It was directed by Franklin J. Schaffner from a script by Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North, who based their screenplay on the biography Patton: Ordeal and Triumph by Ladislas Farago and Omar Bradley’s memoir A Soldier’s Story.

The World War II phase of the career of controversial American general George S. Patton.

A made-for-television sequel, The Last Days of Patton, was produced in 1986. Scott reprised his title role.

Outline

General George S. Patton addresses an unseen audience of American troops to raise their morale, focusing in particular on the value placed on winning by American society.

Following the humiliating American defeat at the Battle of the Kasserine Pass in 1943, Patton is placed in charge of the American II Corps in North Africa. Upon his arrival, he immediately starts enforcing discipline among his troops. At a meeting with Air Marshal Coningham of the Royal Air Force, he claims that the American defeat was caused by lack of air cover. Coningham promises Patton that he will see no more German aircraft – but seconds later the compound is strafed by them. Patton then defeats a German attack at the Battle of El Guettar; his aide Captain Jenson is killed in the battle, and is replaced by Lieutenant Colonel Codman. Patton is bitterly disappointed to learn that Erwin Rommel, commander of the German-Italian Panzer Army, was on medical leave, but Codman suggests that: “If you’ve defeated Rommel’s plan, you’ve defeated Rommel.”

After success in the North Africa campaign, Patton and Bernard Montgomery come up with competing plans for the Allied invasion of Sicily. Patton’s proposal to land his Seventh Army in the northwest of the island with Montgomery in the southeast (therefore potentially trapping the German and Italian forces in a pincer movement) initially impresses their superior General Alexander, but General Eisenhower rejects it in favour of Montgomery’s more cautious plan, which places Patton’s army in the southeast, covering Montgomery’s flank. While the landing is successful, the Allied forces become bogged down, causing Patton to defy orders and advance northwest to Palermo, and then to the port of Messina in the northeast, narrowly beating Montgomery to the prize, although several thousand German and Italian troops are able to flee the island. Patton insists that his feud with Montgomery is due to the latter’s determination to monopolise the war glory. However, Patton’s actions do not sit well with his subordinates Bradley and Lucian Truscott.

While on a visit to a field hospital, Patton notices a shell-shocked soldier (Tim Considine) crying. Calling him a coward, Patton slaps the soldier and even threatens to shoot him, before demanding his immediate return to the front line. By Eisenhower’s order, Patton is relieved of command and required to apologise to the soldier, to others present, and to his entire command. As a further punishment, he is also sidelined during the D-Day landings in 1944, being placed in command of the decoy phantom First United States Army Group in southeast England – which also makes the decoy army more convincing, as German General Alfred Jodl is convinced that Patton will lead the invasion of Europe.

After Patton begs his former subordinate Bradley for a command before the war ends, Eisenhower places Patton under Bradley in command of the Third Army. He performs brilliantly by rapidly advancing through France, but his tanks are brought to a standstill when they run out of fuel as, much to his fury, the supplies were allocated to Montgomery’s bold Operation Market Garden. Later, during the Battle of the Bulge, Patton brilliantly relieves the town of Bastogne and then smashes through the Siegfried Line and into Germany.

At a war drive in Knutsford, England, General Patton remarks lightly that the United States and the United Kingdom would dominate the post-war world, but this is viewed as an insult to the Soviet Union. After Germany capitulates, Patton directly insults a Russian general at a dinner; the Russian insults Patton right back, much to Patton’s amusement. Patton then makes an offhand remark comparing the Nazi Party to American political parties. Ultimately, Patton’s outspokenness loses him his command once again, though he is kept on to see to the rebuilding of Germany, where a runaway oxcart narrowly misses him.

Finally, Patton is seen walking Willie, his bull terrier, across the German countryside. Patton’s voice is heard relating that a returning hero of ancient Rome was honoured with a triumph, a victory parade in which “a slave stood behind the conqueror, holding a golden crown, and whispering in his ear a warning: that all glory… is fleeting.”

Cast

  • George C. Scott as Major General George S. Patton. (Rod Steiger had first turned down the role, later admitting that it was the worst decision of his career).
  • Karl Malden as Major General Omar N. Bradley.
  • Michael Bates as General Bernard Montgomery.
  • Edward Binns as Lieutenant General Walter Bedell Smith.
  • Lawrence Dobkin as Colonel Gaston Bell.
  • John Doucette as Major General Lucian Truscott.
  • James Edwards as Sergeant William George Meeks.
  • Frank Latimore as Lieutenant Colonel Henry Davenport.
  • Richard Münch as Colonel General Alfred Jodl.
  • Morgan Paull as Captain Richard N. Jenson.
  • Siegfried Rauch as Captain Oskar Steiger.
  • Paul Stevens as Lieutenant Colonel Charles R. Codman.
  • Michael Strong as Brigadier General Hobart Carver.
  • Karl Michael Vogler as Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.
  • Stephen Young as Captain Chester B. Hansen.
  • Peter Barkworth as Colonel John Welkin.
  • John Barrie as Air Vice-Marshal Sir Arthur Coningham.
  • David Bauer as Lieutenant General Harry Buford.
  • Gerald Flood as Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder.
  • Jack Gwillim as General Sir Harold Alexander.

Trivia

  • Patton won seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay.
  • Scott won Best Actor for his portrayal of General Patton, but declined to accept the award.
  • The opening monologue, delivered by George C. Scott as General Patton with an enormous American flag behind him, remains an iconic and often quoted image in film.
  • The film was successful, and in 2003, Patton was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being “culturally, historically or aesthetically significant”.
  • The Academy Film Archive preserved Patton in 2003.
  • Attempts to make a film about the life of Patton had been ongoing for over fifteen years, commencing in 1953.
    • Eventually, the Patton family was approached by the producers for help in making the film.
    • The filmmakers desired access to Patton’s diaries, as well as input from family members.
    • However, the producers contacted the family the day after Beatrice Ayer Patton, the general’s widow, was buried, and the family refused to provide any assistance to the film’s producers.
  • In the end, screenwriters Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North wrote the script based largely on Ladislas Farago’s biography Patton: Ordeal and Triumph, and on A Soldier’s Story, the autobiography of General of the Army Omar Bradley (who features prominently in the film).
  • A made-for-television sequel, The Last Days of Patton, was produced in 1986. Scott reprised his title role.
    • The film was based on Patton’s final weeks after being mortally injured in a car accident, with flashbacks of Patton’s life.

Production & Filming Details

  • Director(s): Franklin J. Schaffner.
  • Producer(s): Frank McCarthy.
  • Writer(s): Francis Ford Coppola and Edmund H. North.
  • Music: Jerry Goldsmith.
  • Cinematography: Fred J. Koenejkamp.
  • Editor(s): Hugh Fowler.
  • Production: 20th Century Fox.
  • Distributor(s): 20th Century Fox.
  • Release Date: 04 February 1970 (New York City) and 02 April 1970 (US general release).
  • Running Time: 170 minutes.
  • Country: US.
  • Language: English, German, and French.

 

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