Tenko is a television drama series co-produced by the BBC and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), which was broadcast between 1981 and 1984.
The series dealt with the experiences of British, Australian and Dutch women who were captured after the Fall of Singapore in February 1942, after the Japanese invasion, and held in a fictional Japanese internment camp on a Japanese-occupied island between Singapore and Australia. Having been separated from their husbands, herded into makeshift holding camps and largely forgotten by the British War Office, the women had to learn to cope with appalling living conditions, malnutrition, disease, violence and death.
After the Japanese invasion of Singapore in February 1942, a group of British, Dutch and Australian women are held in a Japanese internment camp on a Japanese-occupied island between Singapore and Australia.
Series One (1981)
Ten fifty-minute episodes broadcast between 22 October 1981 and 24 December 1981.
The first series depicts the fall of Singapore to the invading Japanese forces in 1942, and the abortive evacuation of civilians from the city. A group of British and Dutch women find themselves forced to cope with captivity in a Japanese internment camp. They also must find a way to live together as a community, breaking down the barriers of class and race between them, if they are to survive.
Series Two (1982)
Ten fifty-minute episodes broadcast between 21 October 1982 and 23 December 1982.
The second series sees the women being marched through the jungle to a new camp, an old mission school. They arrive on New Year’s Day 1943, and instantly find the new regime a major culture shock after their first year in captivity. As new friends – and enemies – are made, the women realise that they must make the adjustment to internment all over again.
Series Three (1984)
Ten fifty-minute episodes broadcast between 7 October 1984 and 16 December 1984.
The third series is set during 1945. The Second World War is over – the Japanese have surrendered. The survivors of the camps are liberated by Allied troops and travel to Singapore. Billeted at Raffles, the women are free. However, peacetime only brings further dilemmas for the women as they struggle to forge new futures in an uncertain new world.
Tenko Reunion (1985)
A double-length special was broadcast on 26 December 1985.
Set in 1950, the women reunite in Singapore five years after their liberation from the camp.
Tenko was created by Lavinia Warner after she had conducted research into the internment of nursing corps officer Margot Turner (1910-1993) for an edition of This Is Your Life and was convinced of the dramatic potential of the stories of women prisoners of the Japanese. Aside from the first two episodes, set in Singapore, which were written by Paul Wheeler, the series was written by Jill Hyem and Anne Valery. War hero and prisoner of war Dr Margaret Thomson was consulted about the series but she did not like to talk about her experiences and never watched the programmes.
Owing to high production costs, only the first two episodes of the first series were filmed on location in Singapore, together with the post series reunion extended episode. For the majority of series 1 and 2, set in the camp, the programme was filmed in a specially constructed set in Dorset. Hankley Common was also used.
The series takes its name from the Japanese word “tenko” (点呼/てんこ) which means “roll-call”. POWs and internees in Japanese-run camps had regular roll-calls, where they had to line up and number off or were counted in Japanese.
A total of thirty episodes were produced over three series between 1981 and 1984, followed by a one-off special (which was twice the length of the other episodes), Tenko Reunion, in 1985. Only Ann Bell, Stephanie Cole and Claire Oberman appeared in all thirty episodes plus the reunion.
- Marion Jefferson … Ann Bell.
- Doctor Beatrice Mason … Stephanie Cole.
- Rose Millar … Stephanie Beacham.
- Sister Ulrica … Patricia Lawrence.
- Christina Campbell … Emily Bolton.
- Dorothy Bennett … Veronica Roberts.
- Kate Norris … Claire Oberman.
- Mrs. Domenica Van Meyer … Elizabeth Chambers.
- Blanche Simmons … Louise Jameson.
- Nellie Keene … Jeananne Crowley.
- Sylvia Ashburton … Renee Asherson.
- Sally Markham … Joanna Hole.
- Debbie Bowen … Karin Foley.
- Judith Bowen … Ann Queensberry.
- Major Yamauchi … Burt Kwouk.
- Captain Sato … Eiji Kusuhara.
- Shinya … Takashi Kawahara.
- Kasaki … Takahiro Oba.
- Colonel Clifford Jefferson … Jonathan Newth.
- Lady Jocelyn ‘Joss’ Holbrook … Jean Anderson.
- Verna Johnson … Rosemary Martin.
- Daisy Robertson … Anna Lindup.
- Lillian Cartland … Philippa Urquhart.
- Doctor Natalie Trier … Carrolle Rousseau.
- Miss. Hasan … Josephine Welcome.
- Lieutenant Nakamura … Sabu Kimura.
- Bobby Cartland … Nicolas Corry.
- Suzy Parkin … Kerry Tovey.
- Maggie Thorpe … Elizabeth Mickery.
- Alice Courtenay … Cindy Shelley.
- Phyllis Bristow … Elspet Gray.
- Jake Haulter … Damien Thomas.
- Stephen Wentworth … Preston Lockwood.
- Colonel Smithers … Stephen Gordon.
- Teddy Forster-Brown … Robert Lang.
- Duncan Fraser … Christian Rodska.
- Lau Peng Swee … Hoe Lim.
All three series plus the Reunion Special were released in one DVD box-set in 2011 through Acorn Media UK.
Three paperback books were published in the 1980s. One covering the first series, titled Tenko, while a second called Last Tenko, covered the second and final series. The third book, written by Anne Valery, covered the Reunion.
A book about the making of Tenko called Remembering Tenko by Andy Priestner was published in October 2012.
- Australian actress Janet Fielding auditioned for the role of Kate Norris.
- She claimed on the DVD commentary for “Doctor Who – Warriors of the Deep” that she was rejected by director Pennant Roberts because her breasts were too large to play a starving prisoner.
- Mrs. Van Meyer’s pet songbird, which appears in season one, is named after the actress Simone Simon.
- Before Stephanie Beacham was cast as Rose, Louise Jameson was first offered the role.
- The female scriptwriters all noted that the men on the production (producers, directors and technical crew) were completely oblivious to the lesbian undertones and sub-text of the series and certain character relationships.
- Elizabeth Chambers (Mrs. Domenica Van Meyer) was the wife of the producer Ken Riddington.
- Series 01 (1981):
- Series 02 (1982):
- Series 03 (1984):
- Tenko Reunion Episode (1985).
Production & Filming Details
- Jeremy Summers … (10 episodes, 1982-1984).
- David Askey … (5 episodes, 1981).
- Pennant Roberts … (5 episodes, 1981).
- David Tucker … (5 episodes, 1982).
- Michael Owen Morris … (5 episodes, 1984).
- Ken Riddington … producer (20 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Vere Lorrimer … producer (10 episodes, 1982).
- Lavinia Warner … (creator) (30 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Jill Hyem … (14 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Anne Valery … (14 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Paul Wheeler … (2 episodes, 1981).
- James Harpham … (30 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Kate Evans … (10 episodes, 1984).
- Derek Orman … (4 episodes, 1981-1984).
- Clare Douglas … (3 episodes, 1981-1982).
- British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
- Australian Broadcasting Commission (in association with).
- British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) (1981-1984) (UK) (TV) (BBC1).
- Release Date:
- Series 01: 22 October 1981 to 24 December 1981.
- Series 02: 21 October 1982 to 23 December 1982.
- Series 03: 07 October 1984 to 16 December 1984.
- Reunion Episode: 26 December 1985.
- Running time: 50 minutes.
- Rating: 12-15.
- Country: UK.
- Language: English.