On This Day … 22 August [2022]

People (Births)

  • 1860 – Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Polish-German technician and inventor, created the Nipkow disk (d. 1940).
  • 1867 – Charles Francis Jenkins, American inventor (d. 1934).

Paul Gottlieb Nipkow

Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow (22 August 1860 to 24 August 1940) was a German technician and inventor. He invented the Nipkow disk, which laid the foundation of television, since his disk was a fundamental component in the first televisions. Hundreds of stations experimented with television broadcasting using his disk in the 1920s and 1930s, until it was superseded by all-electronic systems in the 1940s.

Nipkow has been called the “father of television”, together with other early figures of television history like Karl Ferdinand Braun.

The first public television station in the world, Fernsehsender Paul Nipkow, was named in his honour.

Charles Francis Jenkins

Charles Francis Jenkins (22 August 1867 to 06 June 1934) was an American engineer who was a pioneer of early cinema and one of the inventors of television, though he used mechanical rather than electronic technologies. His businesses included Charles Jenkins Laboratories and Jenkins Television Corporation (the corporation being founded in 1928, the year the Laboratories were granted the first commercial television license in the United States). Over 400 patents were issued to Jenkins, many for his inventions related to motion pictures and television .

Jenkins was born in Dayton, Ohio, grew up near Richmond, Indiana, where he went to school and went to Washington, D.C. in 1890, where he worked as a stenographer.

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