On This Day … 04 September [2022]


Events

  • 1951 – The first live transcontinental television broadcast takes place in San Francisco, from the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference.
  • People (Deaths)
  • 1991 – Tom Tryon, American actor and author (b. 1926).

Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

The Treaty of San Francisco (サンフランシスコ講和条約, San-Furanshisuko kōwa-Jōyaku), also called the Treaty of Peace with Japan (日本国との平和条約, Nihon-koku to no Heiwa-Jōyaku), re-established peaceful relations between Japan and the Allied Powers on behalf of the United Nations by ending the legal state of war and providing for redress for hostile actions up to and including World War II. It was signed by 49 nations on 08 September 1951, in San Francisco, California, US at the War Memorial Opera House. Italy and China were not invited, the latter due to disagreements on whether the Republic of China or the People’s Republic of China represented the Chinese people. Korea was also not invited due to a similar disagreement on whether South Korea or North Korea represented the Korean people.

The treaty came into force on 28 April 1952. It ended Japan’s role as an imperial power, allocated compensation to Allied nations and former prisoners of war who had suffered Japanese war crimes during World War II, ended the Allied post-war occupation of Japan, and returned full sovereignty to it. This treaty relied heavily on the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to enunciate the Allies’ goals. In Article 11, Japan accepted the judgements of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and of other Allied War Crimes Courts imposed on Japan both within and outside Japan.

The 1951 treaty, along with the Security Treaty signed that same day, marks the beginning of the San Francisco System which defines Japan’s relationship with the US and its role in the international arena and characterises Japan’s post-war history.

Tom Tyron

Thomas Lester Tryon (14 January 1926 to 04 September 1991) was an American actor and novelist. He is best known for playing the title role in the film The Cardinal (1963), featured roles in the war films The Longest Day (1962) and In Harm’s Way (1965) with John Wayne, and especially the Walt Disney television character Texas John Slaughter (1958-1961).

He later turned to the writing of prose fiction and screenplays, and wrote several science fiction, horror and mystery novels.

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