- 1963 – Instant replay makes its debut during the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
- 1966 – C. Thomas Howell, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.
- 2011 – Harry Morgan, American actor (b. 1915).
- 2017 – Steve Reevis, Native American actor (b. 1962).
Instant replay or action replay is a video reproduction of something that recently occurred which was both shot and broadcast live. The video, having already been shown live, is replayed in order for viewers to see again and analyse what had just taken place. Some sports allow officiating calls to be overturned after the review of a play. Instant replay is most commonly used in sports, but is also used in other fields of live TV. While the first near-instant replay system was developed and used in Canada, the first instant replay was developed and deployed in the United States.
Outside of live action sports, instant replay is used to cover large pageants or processions involving major dignitaries (e.g. monarchs, religious leaders such as the Catholic Pope, revolutionary leaders with mass appeal), political debate, legal proceedings (e.g. O.J. Simpson murder case), royal weddings, red carpet events at major award ceremonies (e.g. the Oscars), grandiose opening ceremonies (e.g. 2022 Winter Olympics opening ceremony), or live feeds to acts of terrorism currently in progress. Instant replay is used because the events are too large to cover from a single camera angle, events are too fast moving to catch all the nuance on the first viewing, the high points of the event are surrounded by much of a muchness, or punditry is supplied to punch the event up, such as analysing the daring plunge of a plunging neckline to the last revealing millimetre.
In media studies, the timing and length of the replay clips as well as the selection of camera angles is a form of editorial content with a large impact on how the audience perceives the events covered.
Because of the origin of television as a broadcast technology, a “channel” of coverage is traditionally a single video feed consumed in the same way by all viewers. In the age of streaming media, live current events can be accessed by the final viewer with multiple streams of the same content playing concurrently in different windows or on different devices, often with direct end-user control over rewinding to a past moment, as well as an ability to select accelerated, slow-motion or stop-action replay speed. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many jurisdictions have daily or weekly public health announcements which are available on streaming services such as YouTube and Facebook in near real-time. It is no longer difficult for the end viewer to linger over the portions which present novel information, such as updated results from daily case counts or new epidemiological models, and then to speed through the dull parts at accelerated playback speed. This can be framed as a novel media consumption modality of instantaneous time shifting.
Army-Navy Football Game
The Army-Navy Game is an American college football rivalry game between the Army Black Knights of the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, and the Navy Midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy (USNA) at Annapolis, Maryland. The Black Knights, or Cadets, and Midshipmen each represent their service’s oldest officer commissioning sources. As such, the game has come to embody the spirit of the interservice rivalry of the United States Armed Forces. The game marks the end of the college football regular season and the third and final game of the season’s Commander-in-Chief’s Trophy series, which also includes the Air Force Falcons of the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) near Colorado Springs, Colorado.
The Army-Navy game is one of the most traditional and enduring rivalries in college football. It has been frequently attended by sitting US presidents. The game has been nationally televised each year since 1945 on either ABC, CBS, or NBC. CBS has televised the game since 1996 and has the rights to the broadcast through 2028. ESPN’s College GameDay has televised from the game site on a yearly basis since 2014 as well. Instant replay made its American debut in the 1963 Army-Navy game. Since 2009, the game has been held on the second Saturday of December and following FBS conference championship weekend.
The game has been held in multiple locations, but outside the 1926 game in Chicago and 1983 game in Pasadena, California, it has been played in the Northeast megalopolis, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York area and the Baltimore-Washington area.
Through the 2021 meeting, Navy leads the series 62-53-7.
C. Thomas Howell
Christopher Thomas Howell (born 07 December 1966) is an American actor and director. He has starred in the films Soul Man, The Hitcher, Grandview U.S.A., Red Dawn (1984), Secret Admirer and The Outsiders. He has also appeared in Gettysburg (1993) and Gods and Generals (2003) as Thomas Chamberlain, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982), The Amazing Spider-Man, Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox and Suicide Squad: Hell to Pay.
Harry Morgan (born Harry Bratsberg; 10 April 1915 to 07 December 2011) was an American actor and director whose television and film career spanned six decades. Morgan’s major roles included Pete Porter in both December Bride (1954-1959) and Pete and Gladys (1960-1962); Officer Bill Gannon on Dragnet (1967-1970); Amos Coogan on Hec Ramsey (1972-1974); and his starring role as Colonel Sherman T. Potter in M*A*S*H (1975-1983) and AfterMASH (1983-1985). Morgan also appeared in more than 100 films.
Steve Reevis (14 August 1962 to 07 December 2017) was a Native American actor and member of the Blackfeet Tribe known for his roles in the films Fargo, Last of the Dogmen, and Dances with Wolves (1990).
Reevis’ first movie appearance was with his brother, Tim Reevis, as a stunt rider in the 1987 film War Party. Reevis’ first acting role was in 1988 in the Universal Studios film Twins, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Danny DeVito. Following Twins, he was cast in a nonspeaking role as a Sioux Warrior in the 1990 Kevin Costner film, Dances with Wolves. Reevis was next cast as Chato, an Apache scout, in Geronimo: An American Legend with fellow-Native actor Wes Studi. In 1995, Reevis played Yellow Wolf in Last of the Dogmen alongside Tom Berenger and Barbara Hershey.
He was cast in the critically acclaimed 1996 film, Fargo as well as the made-for-television movie, Crazy Horse. Reevis was honoured with awards for his roles in both movies by First Americans in the Arts (FAITA) in 1996. In 2004, Reevis was once again honoured by FAITA for his work on the ABC series Line of Fire.
Reevis appeared in Columbia’s 2003 film The Missing, in the 2005 remake of The Longest Yard, and in TNT’s 2005 miniseries Into the West. Reevis also appeared on Fox’s drama series Bones.