Diriliş: Ertuğrul, translated as Resurrection: Ertuğrul, is a Turkish historical fiction and adventure television series produced by Mehmet Bozdağ for TRT, starring Engin Altan Düzyatan as Ertuğrul Bey. The show is set in the 13th century and is based on the life of Ertuğrul, the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire.
It was followed by Kurulus: Osman.
Ertrugrul was a 13th century Turkic Muslim nomad warrior from Central Asia. Surrounded by the Mongols to the east and the Crusaders and Byzantines to the west; like other Turkic tribes, Ertrugrul’s tribe too was pushed west by the Mongols. The Ertrugrul’s Turkmen did fight for a homeland, which was established by Ertrugrul’s son Osman as the Ottoman Empire. Ertrugrul TV serial attempts to show case a vivid imagination of a 13th-century Turkik Asian community and Muslim culture.
Süleyman Şah, Bey of the Kayı sends his son, Ertuğrul, to ask for land from the Emir of Aleppo. This is made almost impossible when the Kayı are put in a series of problems with the Templars after saving Şehzade Numan, Halime Sultan, and Şehzade Yiğit because of the traitor in the Emir’s palace, Nasir, who works for the Templars but is later killed by Ertuğrul and the truth is shown to the Emir. A problem also arises with Kurdoğlu Bey, Süleyman Şah’s adoptive brother, who seeks his brother’s Beylik with the help of Selcan Hatun, Ertuğrul’s adopted sister and sister-in-law, who wants revenge from Süleyman Şah as he killed her treacherous father, Alptekin Bey. Ertuğrul, who loves Halime, marries her after much difficulty. Selcan’s husband, Gündoğdu, grows angry regarding Ertuğrul’s actions but eventually calms down and supports his brother. Towards the end of the season, Kurdoğlu is beheaded, Ertuğrul successfully defeats the Templars and captures their castle, and Selcan repents. This is followed by Süleyman Şah’s death and the tribe’s migration to Erzurum as part of Süleyman Şah’s will before he died.
The Kayı, settled in Erzurum, seek refuge with the Dodurga after the Mongols, led by Baycu Noyan, massacre half their tribe. This leads to Ertuğrul facing Tuğtekin, his cousin, who is jealous of him along with Gündoğdu again who is misled by the big threat within the Dodurga; Aytolun and her brother Gümüştekin. Aytolun married Tuğtekin’s father, Korkut Bey, so that she could help Gümüştekin become the margrave of all the Turkmen tribes with the help of Emir Sadettin after killing Korkut. Only Selcan is aware of this threat and constantly attempts to warn Gündoğdu, who ignores her for her misdeeds in the past. Along with these schemes, Kocabaş, Tuğtekin’s alp who works for Baycu Noyan, turns Tuğtekin against Ertuğrul making their relationship worse but is later killed by Ertuğrul, and his relations with Tuğtekin gradually improves. Aytolun and Gümüştekin are killed after their treachery is caught when Selcan’s words are listened to and Korkut is killed. Noyan is supposedly killed by Ertuğrul after the death of Tuğtekin and the tribe is split between 1,000 migrating to Ahlat with Gündoğdu and 400 migrating to Western Anatolia with Ertuğrul.
The poor Kayı newcomers face Ural of the rich Çavdar trade-veterans. Although Ural isn’t the Bey of his tribe, he seeks more and more power, becoming jealous of the Kayı whenever something good happens to the small tribe. Meanwhile, the Templars who have infiltrated Hanlı Pazar, led by Hancı Simon, seek to kill Ertuğrul as he did to the Templars years back. Ertuğrul defeats Hancı Simon and conquers Hanlı Pazar, leaving Ural more jealous than ever. When Ural is accused of killing the Tekfur of Karacahisar, Andros, and causing problems for the Kayı, Ural is sentenced to death, however, he is saved by the devious Emir Sadettin. After the death of Candar, the Çavdar Bey, and Ural’s father, Ural seeks help from the new Tekfur of Karacahisar, Vasilius, who wants to rid the Turks of the land, but is killed by Ertuğrul in an attempt to become the Bey of the Çavdar. When Vasilius attempts to ambush the Selçuk Sultan, he fails and is killed by Ertuğrul. Because of this, the Sultan makes Ertuğrul the Uç Bey angering Emir Sadettin, who vows to end Ertuğrul. At the end of the season, Ertuğrul falls into an ambush set by the new Tekfur of Karacahisar, Ares.
It is believed that Ertuğrul is dead despite the truth being that he is actually captured by some slave traders. Meanwhile, Emir Sadettin convinces Dündar, Ertuğrul’s brother and the new Kayı Bey, into selling Hanlı Pazar and moving back to Gündoğdu’s tribe but is stopped upon Ertuğrul’s return and is forthwith banished. After Ertuğrul’s son, Gündüz, is kidnapped, Ertuğrul declares war against Karacahisar and is successful in conquering it. Following Ares’ capture, Ertuğrul takes him to the Sultan and tells him to confess to the Sultan about Sadettin Köpek’s misdeeds. The plan nearly works but Köpek is saved by the Sultan’s wife, Mahperi, and leads to an event turning Ares, later killed by Noyan, into a Muslim. Soon after that, the Sultan is poisoned to death and Köpek’s increase in power in the palace creates problems for the new Sultan, Gıyaseddin. Gıyaseddin allies with Ertuğrul and with the help of Hüsamettin Karaca, Köpek is beheaded. Halime dies in childbirth, giving birth to Ertuğrul’s third and youngest son – the prophesied Osman. After this, Ertuğrul faces the return of Noyan but is successful in defeating him and his devious sister, Alangoya, who attempted to Osman. Noyan prepares for a battle, historically known as the Battle of Köse Dağ, and the Kayı move to Söğüt.
After 10 years in Söğüt, in a Mongol-controlled Selçuk state, Ertuğrul faces many Mongol commanders including Alıncak and Subutai, along with the Selçuk assassin working with the Mongols, Beybolat. Beybolat is disguised with the name, Albastı, and he arrives following the death of his father, Umur Bey, Bey of the Umuroğlu tribe, who was sent to become the new tax collecter of Söğüt. Umur Bey was killed by the disgraced Byzantine commander, Dragos, disguised as the Söğüt Zangoç (transl. bellringer), who seeks to take over the town. Beybolat, who becomes his father’s successor, and Dragos, who takes control over Lefke Castle after killing the innocent Tekfur Yannis, cause many problems for Ertuğrul including Beybolat’s control over Söğüt for a while. İlbilge, Beybolat’s sister, is the only person in her family supporting justice, with her help, Ertuğrul, defeats and kills both Beybolat and Dragos. Following Beybolat’s death, Ertuğrul faces Arikbuka, a feared Mongol spy and Alıncak’s blood brother, along with the spy, Qiyat, who works for Hulagu against Berke, Ertuğrul’s ally and the Han of the Golden Horde. The season ends with the death of Arikbuka and Qiyat along with Ertuğrul’s marriage to İlbilge Hatun.
The series proceeds with Kuruluş: Osman which is situated after Ertuğrul goes to Konya and Dündar returns to the tribe. The new series began in November 2019 and focuses on Ertuğrul’s son, Osman Bey, based on Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire. It currently has two full seasons and is still ongoing as of 2021.
- Engin Altan Düzyatan as Ertuğrul Bey:
- Ertuğrul Bey, based on the historical figure of the same name, is the son of Süleyman Şah and Hayme Hatun, husband of Halime Hatun and İlbilge Hatun, and the father of Gündüz Alp, Savcı Bey and Osman Bey. After the death of his father, he leads a portion of the tribe to the western borders of the Sultanate of Rum and establishes himself as the Bey of his own Kayı tribe. He frequently battles against Templars, Mongols and Byzantines.
- Kaan Taşaner as Gündoğdu Bey:
- Gündoğdu Bey, based on the historical figure of the same name, is the eldest son of Süleyman Şah and older half-brother of Ertuğrul. He is married to Selcan Hatun and has two sons.
- Hülya Darcan as Hayme Hatun:
- Hayme Hatun, based on the historical figure of the same name, is the widow of Süleyman Şah and mother of Ertuğrul.
- Didem Balçın as Selcan Hatun:
- Selcan Hatun, loosely based on the Book of Dede Korkut character Princess Saljan, is the wife of Gündoğdu, elder sister of Gökçe Hatun and sister-in-law of Ertuğrul.
- Esra Bilgiç as Halime Hatun:
- Halime Hatun, based on the historical figure of the same name, is the first wife of Ertuğrul, the mother of his children, and the Hanım of the Kayı tribe.
- Cengiz Coşkun as Turgut Alp:
- Turgut Alp, based on the historical figure of the same name, is an alp of Ertuğrul Bey.
- Nurettin Sönmez as Bamsı Beyrek:
- Bamsı Beyrek, based on the Book of Dede Korkut character of the same name, is an alp of Ertuğrul Bey.
- Hande Soral as İlbilge Hatun:
- İlbilge Hatun, loosely based on the historical figure El Bilga Khatun, is the daughter of Umur Bey of the Umuroğlu tribe and sister of Beybolat Bey and Sırma Hatun. She is the second wife of Ertuğrul Bey.
The series is written and produced by Mehmet Bozdağ and directed by Metin Günay. The theme music is by Alpay Göktekin. Broadcasting began in December 2014 on TRT 1 (Turkey).
Preparations for the first season began in February 2014. In five months, the stories and drawings were ready. Gambat from Mongolia had drawings made in three months. The teams started their work in May 2014. The decoration and art team consisted of sixty people and worked for 4 months for the first episode. 4000 square meters of fabric were used for costumes and décor. As for the choreography of the show, Nomad, the special choreography crew of movies such as The Expendables 2, 47 Ronin, and Conan the Barbarian, from Kazakhstan, was invited to Turkey. The crew prepared special choreographies for actors, horses, and other scenes. The cast took riding, sword fighting and archery lessons for 3 months. There were 25 horses on the set, attended by a veterinarian, who specially trained them. All are maintained on a horse farm in Riva. A special area similar to a zoo (but on a smaller scale) was created for all the animals which appear in the show, which include gazelles, sheep, goats, nightingales and partridges. The shooting time of the first episode was about a month. A total of 5000 people were cast for all 5 seasons of the show.
For the series, around 1800 costumes and thousands of war supplies and accessories were made from scratch. The TV series is a milestone in Turkey with respect to its administration of art. Copper and other metallic accessories are accumulated from various parts of Turkey. Nearly everything all over Turkey was ‘confiscated’, from jewellery to a piece of cloth. Wooden materials were made by hand, one by one.
Season one was filmed around Beykoz and Riva in Istanbul. Diriliş: Ertuğrul set up two plateaus for Riva and Beykoz Kundura Factory for the first season. The plateau in Riva was erected on a total area of 40,000 m2 with 35 tents built according to the original. In the Beykoz Kundura factory, Aleppo, Aleppo Palace, supply room, guest rooms, corridors, dungeons, Kara Toygar’s room, the Seljuk pavilion, temple halls, and rooms, lodges, and tent interiors were built on a closed area of 6,000 m2. In the Kundura factory, the Aleppo Bazaar, the interior of the fortress, the interior of the tent by Süleyman Şah, the dungeon, the corridor, and the altar of the temple were built on an open area of 5,000 m2.
The pilot episode was the most watched Turkish television episode on the day of its release.
The series has been called a Turkish Game of Thrones.
The series is one of Turkey’s most successful television exports.
Mehmet Bozdağ has noted that historical records from the period are scarce and, with this in mind, historical inconsistencies include:
- Halil İnalcık stated that Ertuğrul Gazi’s father was Gündüz Alp, not Süleyman Şah. The coins exhibited in the Istanbul Archeology Museum also support the claim that Ertuğrul Gazi’s father was Gündüz Alp.
- Sungur Tekin returned to their ancestral homeland with his brother Gündoğdu after the death of Süleyman Şah in history. In the series, Ertuğrul decides to go with them and later separate.
- Afşin Bey, who came to Kayı in the series, is a Seljuk commander who fought in the Battle of Malazgirt in real history. It is impossible for someone who was on the stage of history in 1071 to communicate with the Kayı in 1225.
- In the series, Ertuğrul Gazi’s wife, Halime Hatun, is shown as the daughter of a Seljuk prince, but Halime Hatun did not have any blood ties with the Seljuk ancestry.
- Baiju Noyan is a commander who turned the Anatolian Seljuks into a state dependent on the Mongols in history and has no contact with Kayı. In the series, he fought with the Kayı and was even taken as prisoner by them in an episode.
- The encounter between İbn-i Arabi and Ertuğrul Bey in the series has been criticised because the age difference between them is very high. The historical Ibn Arabi died in 1240 and Ertuğrul Bey in the 1280s. The Crusader threat has also been perceived to have been exaggerated over the Mongol threat.
- The series was filmed in Riva, a village in the Beykoz district of Istanbul, Turkey.
- The show has been well received in other countries such as Pakistan and Azerbaijan, although several countries in the Arab world have banned the show and fatwas have been issued against it.
- The show has also been criticised for furthering a perceived political agenda for the government of Turkey.
Dirilis: Ertugrul Series
- Series 01 (2014-2015).
- 26 episodes (76 on Netflix).
- Series 02 (2015-2016).
- 35 episodes (103 on Netflix and 104 on PTV).
- Series 03 (2016-2017).
- 30 episodes (91 on Netflix and PTV).
- Series 04 (2017-2018).
- 30 episodes (90 on Netflix).
- Series 05 (2018-2019).
- 29 episodes (88 on Netflix).
There were a total of 150 episodes (448 on Netflix).
Production & Filming Details
- Metin Günay … (155 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Akif Özkan … (84 episodes, 2015-2018).
- Hakan Arslan … (67 episodes, 2015-2018).
- Mehmet Bozdag … producer (155 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Kemal Tekden … producer (121 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Mehmet Bozdag … (creator) (155 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Atilla Engin … (written by) (123 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Asli Zeynep Peker Bozdag … (written by) (120 episodes, 2015-2019).
- Serdar Özönalan … (written by) (47 episodes, 2018-2019).
- Hale Aksu Engin … (18 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Alp Emre Oduncu … (14 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Mustafa Burak Dogu … (13 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Ahmet Turgut … (3 episodes, 2015).
- Zeynep Alasya … (155 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Alpay Göltekin … (155 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Veysel Teksahin … (121 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Ömer Faruk Karacan … (56 episodes, 2016-2019).
- Tuncay Çetinsoy … (52 episodes, 2015-2018).
- Turgay Aksoy … (12 episodes, 2019).
- Veysel Sahin … (7 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Huseyin Aziz Misirli … (7 episodes, 2019).
- Akif Özkan … (150 episodes, 2014-2019).
- Yarkin San … (121 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Haydar Yenmez … (121 episodes, 2014-2018).
- Harun Özdemir … (5 episodes, 2018).
- Tekden Films.
- ANT1 (2015) (Greece) (TV).
- ATV (2015) (Azerbaijan) (TV).
- Channel 31 (2016) (Kazakhstan) (TV).
- Echourouk tv (2017) (Algeria) (TV).
- Ekushey Television (2016) (Bangladesh) (TV).
- GEM Junior (2015) (Iran) (TV).
- Hannibal TV (2018) (Tunisia) (TV) (Dubbed Version) (Arabic).
- Hum Tv (2015) (Pakistan) (TV).
- Israel Plus (2015) (Israel) (TV).
- Kanal 5 (2015) (Republic of North Macedonia) (TV).
- Klan TV (2015) (Albania) (TV).
- LNK (2015) (Lithuania) (TV).
- Netflix (2017) (Singapore) (video).
- Planet TV (2015) (Slovenia) (TV).
- Prima TV (2015) (Romania) (TV).
- Puhu TV (2017) (Turkey) (all media).
- Qatar TV (2017) (Qatar) (TV).
- RTL Klub Televízió (2015) (Hungary) (TV).
- RTL Televizija (2015) (Croatia) (TV).
- TRT 1 (2014) (Cyprus) (TV).
- TRT 1 (2014) (Turkey) (TV).
- TV Barrandov (2015) (Czechia) (TV).
- TV Doma (2015) (Slovakia) (TV).
- Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) (2018) (Chile) (TV).
- Televizija OBN (2015) (Bosnia & Herzegovina) (TV).
- Tolo TV (2015) (Afghanistan) (TV).
- Trans7 (2015) (Indonesia) (TV).
- Turkish Radio & Television (TRT) (2014-2019) (Turkey) (TV).
- Release Date:
- Series 01: 10 December 2014 to 17 June 2015.
- Series 02: 30 September 2015 to 08 June 2016.
- Series 03: 26 October 2016 to 14 June 2017.
- Series 04: 25 October 2017 to 06 June 2018.
- Series 05: 07 November 2018 to 29 May 2019.
- Running Time:
- TV: 105-165 minutes (per episode).
- Netflix: 42-44 minutes (per episode).
- PTV Home: 45-47 minutes (per episode).
- Rating: G.
- Country: Turkey.
- Language: Turkish and English (subtitles).