On This Day … 18 October [2022]


Events

  • 1922 – The British Broadcasting Company (later Corporation) is founded by a consortium, to establish a nationwide network of radio transmitters to provide a national broadcasting service.
  • 1979 – The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins allowing people to have home satellite earth stations without a federal government license.

People (Births)

  • 1927 – George C. Scott, American actor and director (d. 1999).
  • 1939 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of John F. Kennedy (d. 1963).
  • 1954 – Arliss Howard, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter.
  • 1960 – Jean-Claude Van Damme, Belgian martial artist, actor, and producer, and screenwriter.

British Broadcasting Company

The British Broadcasting Company Ltd. (BBC) was a short-lived British commercial company formed on 18 October 1922 by British and American electrical companies doing business in the United Kingdom. Licensed by the British General Post Office, their original office was located on the second floor of Magnet House, the GEC buildings in London and consisted of a room and a small antechamber. On 14 December 1922, John Reith was hired to become the Managing Director of the company at that address. The company later moved its offices to the premises of the Marconi Company. The BBC as a commercial broadcasting company did not sell air time but it did carry a number of sponsored programmes paid for by British newspapers.

On 31 December 1926, the company was dissolved, and its assets were transferred to the non-commercial and crown-chartered British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).

George C. Scott

George Campbell Scott (18 October 1927 to 22 September 1999) was an American actor, director, and producer who had a celebrated career on both stage and screen. With a gruff demeanour and commanding presence, Scott became known for his portrayal of stern, but complex, authority figures such as prosecutor Claude Dancer in Anatomy of a Murder, General Buck Turgidson in Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove (1964), Herbert Bock in The Hospital, Ebenezer Scrooge in A Christmas Carol, Lieutenant Kinderman in The Exorcist III, and General George S. Patton in the biopic Patton (1970), which won him the Academy Award for Best Actor. Described by The Guardian as “a battler and an actor of rare courage”, his performances won him widespread recognition and numerous other accolades, including a Golden Globe, a Genie Award, and two Primetime Emmys.

Lee Harvey Oswald

Lee Harvey Oswald (18 October 1939 to 24 November 1963) was a US Marine veteran who assassinated John F. Kennedy, then president of the United States, on 22 November 1963.

Arliss Howard

Leslie Richard “Arliss” Howard (born 18 October 1954) is an American actor, screenwriter, and film director. He is known for his roles in the films Full Metal Jacket (1987), Tequila Sunrise (1988), The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997), The Time Traveller’s Wife (2009), Moneyball (2011), and Mank (2020).

Jean-Claude Van Damme

Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (born 18 October 1960), known professionally as Jean-Claude Van Damme, is a Belgian actor, martial artist, filmmaker, and fight choreographer. Born and raised in Brussels, Belgium, at the age of ten his father enrolled him in martial arts classes, which led to Van Damme participating in several competitions. With the desire of becoming an actor, he moved to the United States in 1982, where he did odd jobs and worked on several films, until he got his break as the lead in the martial arts film Bloodsport (1988).

Van Damme became a popular action film star and followed up with Cyborg (1989), Kickboxer (1989), Lionheart (1990), Death Warrant (1990), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992), Nowhere to Run (1993), Hard Target (1993), Timecop (1994), Street Fighter (1994), Sudden Death (1995), The Quest (1996), Maximum Risk (1996), etc. After a decline, Van Damme returned to prominence with the critically acclaimed crime drama JCVD (2008).

From thereon Van Damme continued starring in more action films and playing supporting roles in The Expendables 2 (2012), the Kung Fu Panda franchise (2011-2016), and the Kickboxer reboot (2016-2018).

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